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Urological cancer information for patients

Diagnosing and treating cancer of the kidney, bladder, prostate, testicles and penis


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If your GP thinks your symptoms may be due to urological cancer, you will be given an appointment to see one of our specialists within two weeks.

It is important to remember that these symptoms can be caused by conditions other than cancer. However, if you are experiencing any of these symptoms you should see your GP who may refer you for further investigation.

  • Symptoms of kidney cancer

    Kidney cancer does not always cause symptoms, but if there are symptoms they can include:

    • blood in the urine
    • pain
    • a swelling or lump in the area of the kidney
    • fevers and night sweats
    • tiredness
    • unexplained weight loss.
  • Symptoms of bladder cancer

    The most common symptom of bladder cancer is blood in the urine, but there can also be:

    • muscle spasms in the bladder
    • a burning pain when passing urine - this could also be a symptom of a non-cancerous bladder infection, which is easily treated with antibiotics.
  • Symptoms of prostate cancer

    Prostate cancer generally does not cause symptoms in its early stages, but when symptoms occur they are usually:

    • difficulty and/or pain when passing urine
    • a need to pass urine more frequently particularly during the night
    • blood in the urine. 

    It is important to note that these symptoms are usually connected to prostate enlargement.

  • Symptoms of testicular cancer

    Early symptoms of testicular cancer are usually a lump or swelling in one testicle, which may or may not be accompanied by an ache or heavy sensation. Occasionally, there may be swelling with extreme tenderness.

  • Symptoms of cancer of the penis

    The first signs of cancer of the penis are usually changes in the skin, either:

    • thickening
    • growths
    • sores
    • a rash. 

    Penile cancer is uncommon in the UK and mostly diagnosed in men over 60 years old.